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What happens after I apply?
When you submit an application on the LSAC website, LSAC time stamps the application and prepares it for the school to download. LSAC may also send a paper copy if the school still maintains paper files for applicants. This process may take anywhere from 1 day to several weeks in certain circumstances.
For example, some law schools may request LSAC not to forward completed applications until the Law School Report for the applicant is ready. Once a law school has received an application through LSAC, it will begin a process of review to ensure that all requisite components are included in the application file. This initial review process may conclude relatively quickly, or in some cases it may take several weeks, depending to a great extent on the volume of applications being processed by the school at that time.
To give applicants some insight into the seeming black box of the admissions process, many law schools offer an Online Status Check website. For example, the University of Wisconsin’s Status Checker website informs applicants when an application is received from LSAC, when an application is placed in the queue for review by the admissions committee, when the committee begins its review, and when a decision has been reached. If you are accepted, most schools will communicate that information to you by phone call or e-mail. If you are placed on hold, placed on a wait list, or rejected, you will receive an e-mail and/or letter at your address on record.
How soon will I hear back?
There is, unfortunately, no specific answer to this question. In rare cases, some applicants may receive an answer within a few weeks, but the process typically takes 2–4 months. If your application is placed on hold or if you are placed on a wait list then it may take several additional months to receive a final decision.
In particularly competitive years, you may not hear until until very near to the seat deposit deadline.
In the meantime, continue to check the online status check for each school, and check your LSAC account to confirm that each school has requested a Law School Report from LSAC within a few weeks after you submitted your application.
What is a hold?
A law school’s decision to place a student on hold is not really a decision at all. Think of it more as a notification that there will be a delay in the school’s processing of your application. The school might later decide to admit you, reject you, or place you on a wait list. It is difficult to read any meaning into the use of a hold on an application.
There could also be a hold placed on an application because your application is missing a component to make it complete. Make sure that your application has been marked as complete by the law school.
If you have already submitted your application and are still registered to take another LSAT, schools will see that you are registered for another test. Some schools may go ahead and review your application with the score you have, but many others may place a hold on your application and not review it until they have your updated score. If you are not sure what a particular law school does in this scenario, contact their admissions office to find out.
What is a wait list?
A wait list (or reserve list as some schools refer to it) is comprised of applicants who the admissions committee has determined are academically qualified to attend the school, but the admissions committee is not yet prepared to offer the applicants a spot in the incoming class for various reasons.
The manner in which law schools use wait lists varies significantly school-by-school and year-by-year. Some schools admit applicants off the wait list even before the deadline to apply has passed. Others wait until after the first seat deposit deadline (the deadline for admitted students to pay a fee to hold their seat in the incoming class) has passed to admit applicants from the wait list. In more competitive years, law schools may not admit anyone from the wait list. In the 2013 admissions cycle, however, law schools admitted a significant number of applicants from their wait lists.
In general, law schools tend not to rank or order the applicants on their wait lists. Even those schools that do rank wait list applicants tend to do so using general quartiles or broad categories of priority. It varies school-by-school as to whether the school will inform an applicant where he/she stands on the wait list. If a law school has not volunteered information on where you are on the wait list, do not ask.
How can I increase my chances of being admitted from a wait list? (Letters of Continued Interest)
When you are placed on a wait list, most law schools will request you to return a form confirming your desire to remain on the wait list. While it is important that you take this step, merely returning the form is not sufficient in order to be admitted from the wait list at many schools. Law schools often will not admit someone from the wait list unless the applicant has advocated for his or her admission in some way to show them that they are still actively interested. Note, however, that some law schools specifically instruct applicants placed on the wait list not to submit any supplementary materials or take any steps in an effort to gain admission. If you are placed on a wait list, it will be your responsibility to determine what a school permits from wait-listed applicants.
Assuming a school does permit you to advocate on your own behalf, consider taking one of the following steps:
Submit One or More Letters of Continuing Interest (LOCI)
Letters of continuing interest are one-page business-style letters in which you may (1) update the school on relevant information post-dating your application (new academic awards, employment promotions, fall semester grades, etc.) and (2) explain in greater detail why you want to attend this particular law school. It is probably intuitive that updating the school on relevant, recent developments of note may help you stand out in comparison to others on the wait list. The importance of talking about why you want to attend that particular law school or, phrased differently, why the law school is a good fit for you, may be less intuitive. In most cases, law schools want to extend an offer of admission only to wait list applicants who are very likely to accept that offer. By articulating the basis for your desire to attend the school, you are evidencing that you have devoted thought and research in your decision to apply to this particular school and are therefore more likely to accept an offer. Even more useful, if you are sure that you would accept an offer from the school, say so explicitly in the LOCI. It is appropriate to send multiple LOCIs if you remain on the wait list for an extended period. Sending one per month is not unreasonable and allows you to assure the school that nothing has occurred in the interim that impacts your desire to attend. It may also be appropriate to send letters once every 2 weeks following the seat deposit date.
Submit an Additional Letter of Recommendation
Many schools will accept one or more additional letters of recommendation from applicants placed on the wait list. If your school does accept them, remember that academic letters are more helpful to admissions committees.
Submit Any Optional Essays Suggested By the School
If a law school allows you to submit an optional essay, you should take the time to write a strong essay. It helps to convey the seriousness of your interest and gives the admissions committee another writing sample to evaluate.
Set Up a Formal Visit
Visiting a school conveys the seriousness of your interest in the school. In many cases, it may also lead to face time with an admissions representative, which can be helpful.
Wait list logistics
Two logistical issues may arise if you are wait listed at one or more of your preferred schools:
The first logistical issue relates to seat deposits. Applicants usually remain on a wait list long after the seat deposit deadlines have passed at the other schools where the applicants were accepted. So if you are wait listed at School A, you will need to decide whether there is a School B you would be willing to attend if you aren’t admitted at School A or whether you will wait and apply again to School A the following application cycle. If you are sure that you want to attend law school the upcoming fall regardless of whether you are admitted from the wait list at School A, then submit a seat deposit at School B. This is a common practice, and it raises no ethical issues if you get off the wait list at School A and decide to attend there instead. The only drawback to placing a seat deposit at School B is that you may lose the deposit if you get off the wait list at School A because not all schools refund seat deposits.
The second logistical issue arises if Schools A and B are in different cities. If you are still on the wait list at School A in August, you will likely need to sign a contract for housing near School B. If you do so, be conscious of any penalty clauses for breaking that contract, a necessary step if you are later admitted off the wait list at School A. You would also need to arrange to move your belongings quickly.
Article on Letters of Continued Interest (7 Sage)
Webinar on Letters of Continued Interest (7 Sage)
Preparing for your first (1L) Year:
JD Advising has recently announced its decision to begin offering the JD Advising Law School Prep Course for free. The course is designed to support pre-law students in achieving greater academic success in law school, particularly first-generation students. The course covers topics ranging from legal vocabulary to development of academic skills to introduction to first year legal topics. The course is offered on-demand and can be completed at any time. It is recommended for individuals beginning law school in an upcoming academic year but can be taken by students in any class year.
Some students may find it helpful to read up on law school, law school exams, legal careers, or other legal topics before beginning their 1L year. Or you may just be looking for readings that get you interested in legal topics. CPLA has compiled lists of suggested books for different pre-law and legal topics for anyone looking to do additional reading. None of this reading is required for incoming law students, unless your law school instructor assigns it.